Let’s see the details that will allow to develop maximum impact.
We’re talking here about “obvious” power, the raw force of a rear fist hitting linearly, from the back to the front.
It is important not to confuse the force of impact with physical force.
Often enough, a heavy puncher is pretty strongly built, but it is not necessary.
In my tradition, it is recommended to work the body structure, flexibility and coordination before attempting to work pure strength.
The whole work on the structure goes in the direction of the force of impact.
Before anything else, we have to understand the mechanics of the move before thinking about hitting something.
See details from the bottom to the top:
– The feet are rooted to the ground, the weight being on their center, the rest of the body depends on this foundation.
– The rear foot will push the weight slightly forward, initiating the move.
– The front knee bends slightly, remaining in the alignment of the toes.
– The push is passed on to the hips moving the waist, acting as the base for the connection of the shoulders and the latissimus dorsi.
– The trunk rotation will propel the striking shoulder straight forward, remaining low and connected to the latissimus dorsi.
The whole movement allows to let the arm go forward, including these details:
– No tension in the arm and forearm,
– Aligning the striking part of the fist, the wrist and the tip of the shoulder,
– Letting the elbow down and the shoulder connected to the latissimus dorsi,
– Looking at where you strike.
At the impact, the elbow must not be bent, but it should not be stretched … the striking distance is therefore essential for a truly devastating strikes.
The fist should be held, but not tense. If the fist is really clenched tightly, it will be possible to make “brutish” strikes, but not the most subtle ones.
The fist will have more power when aligned with the opposite shoulder.
Much of the force of impact may be annihilated if we hold our breath, if we stuck our diaphragm. In addition, striking while holding the breath will make us tired much more than when striking with a relaxed breath.
We just have to strike the air first, seeking to feel, slowly and remaining relaxed … we should not rush to train with speed (and it’s not really necessary).
The more the move is direct, the less there will be “force leaks”.
So, even slowly, you have to go from total immobility to a decisive move.
It is advised not to put attention on the striking hand or arm (it will create tensions), but rather on the rotation and mobilization of the back.
Once the move is loose enough, and without parasiting movements (or at least, as little as possible), we will strike stuff (rather a soft bag, but quite heavy, for example).
Traditionally, in our school, we hit a wooden post. We start from pushing, rubbing and then violently hitting the post. The work bag comes later.
We will see specific exercises that develop the impact force in another text (working with weights, targets, iron rings …).
We are not talking here about the work of precision, speed or structure which will obviously determine the effectiveness of the strike.